During the traditional era, Lapis was regarded for it’s beauty and the ultramarine dye obtained from it. The name comes from a combination of the Latin word “Lapis” which means “stone”, and the Persian word “Lazuward” meaning “blue”.
This stone is a combination of different minerals, including sodalite, calcite, lazurite, and pyrite, and contains a rich amount of royal blue along with gold flecks. The lower grade Lapis has a lighter blue color with more gold flecks and is known as Denim Lapis.
Lapis was one of the highly valued tributes paid to the Egypt Emperor. It was obtained from the oldest mines across the globe and worked for approximately 4000 B.C.
Mineral Family- A group of minerals including sodalite, calcite, lazurite, and pyrite
Refractive Index- 1.5
Colors- Blue, dappled with brassy pyrite and white calcite
Deposits- Pakistan, Burma, Siberia, India, and Afganistan